What Is Cornea ?

The cornea is the transparent, domeshaped window covering the front of the eye like the glass on a watch. It gives us a clear window to look through. Because there are no blood vessels in the cornea, it is normally clear and has a shiny surface. It is a powerful refracting surface, providing 2/3 of the eye’s focusing power.
In humans, the cornea has a diameter of about 11.5 mm and a thickness of 500–600 m in the center and 600–800 m at the periphery. Transparency, avascularity, the presence of immature resident immune cells, and immunologic privilege, makes the cornea a very special tissue. It is comprised of 5 layers.

The Cornea Services at Brar Eye Hospital, Kotkapura is dedicated to the medical and surgical treatment of problems involving the cornea and ocular surface.

The clinic caters to the following Cornea & External eye diseases:

  • Corneal Infections
  • Eye allergies or corneal complications arising from other forms of ocular surgery
  • Ocular surface trauma
  • Ocular surface disorders like blepharitis, meibomitis, conjunctival and scleral diseases
  • Refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism)
    Conjunctivitis (red eye)
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Ectatic corneal diseases like keratoconus, keratoglobus and pellucid marginal degeneration
  • Pterygium
  • Corneal dystrophies and degeneratio

Surgical Procedures

  • Corneal Transplantation: Penetrating keratoplasty, Lamellar keratoplasty, Endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK)
  • Keratoprosthesis (Artificial cornea)
  • Scleral grafting
  • Corneal, limbal, and amniotic membrane transplants for ocular surface reconstruction in severe ocular surface disease
  • Tissue adhesive application to seal corneal perforation

Other Facilities

  • Specular Microscopy- Study of the corneal endothelium (cells that maintain corneal clarity)
  • Pachymetry- Measurement of corneal thickness
  • Corneal Topography – Mapping of the cornea
  • Aberrometry- Measurement of the aberrations in the eye
  • Specialized contact lens fitting